Muawiya

   Founder of the Umayyad caliphate in 661. Its capital was Damascus (q.v.). A former Muslim governor of Syria and Palestine (qq.v.), he was a man of great military and administrative skills. Muawiya gave the new Islamic state a stable bureaucracy and built a fleet to contest Byzantine control of the eastern Mediterranean. He attacked Cappadocia (q.v.) in 646, capturing Caesarea (q.v.), Cyprus in 649, Rhodes (qq.v.) and Kos in 654; he defeated Constans II (q.v.) at sea in 655. As caliph (q.v.) from 661-680, the Muslim fleet moved into the northern Aegean (q.v.), attacking Kyzikos (q.v.) in 670 and besieging Constantinople (q.v.) from 674-678. The city was saved by its impregnable walls and by the timely use of Greek fire (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Muawiya II — Caliph of the Umayyad dynasty Reign 683–684 Full name Mu āwiyah ibn Yazīd Born 661 Died 684 …   Wikipedia

  • Muawiya II — Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Muawiya I. — Muʿāwiya I. [muˈʕaːwija] (arabisch ‏معاوية بن أبي سفيان‎, DMG Muʿāwiya b. Abī Sufyān; * 603 in Mekka; † 18. April 680 in Damaskus) war der erste Kalif der Umayyaden (661 680) und Begründer dieser Dynastie. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muawiya II. — Muʿāwiya II., [muˈʕaːwija] (‏معاوية بن يزيد ‎ Muʿāwiya ibn Yazīd), († 684) war der dritte Kalif der Umayyaden (683 684). Als die Truppen der Umayyaden nach dem Tod von Yazid I. (680 683) die Belagerung des aufständischen Mekka aufhoben, dehnten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muawiya — Muʿāwiya [muˈʕaːwija], arabisch ‏معاوية‎, ist der Name zweier Kalifen der Umayyaden: Muawiya I., regierte von 661 680 Muawiya II., regierte von 683 684 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Muawiya Ier — Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan — Muawiyya I Califa Reinado 661 680 Nombre real Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan Nacimiento c.600 Fallecimiento 680 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Muawiya (name) — Tareekh ul Khulafa by al Hafidh Jalaluddin Suyuti Mu‘āwīyyah or Muawiyah or Muaawiya (معاوية) is a male Arabic given name with disputed meaning, while some consider it to be used for strength of the arm. People named Muawiya include: Muawiyah I,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hasan - Muawiya treaty — In 661 CE, upon the death of Ali, the final Sunni Caliph and first Shi a Imam, there was a military conflictbetween Hasan ibn Ali and Muawiya I that resulted in a peace treaty.PresentScholar|Muhammad ibn Jarir al Tabari|10th|Sunni… …   Wikipedia

  • Moawwiya — Muawiya Ier Religion religions abrahamiques : judaïsme · christianisme · islam …   Wikipédia en Français

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